Posts Tagged ‘wren’

Review: Faith in the City of London by Niki Gorick

Faith in the CityThere are over 50 places of worship in the City of London, serving many faiths. In times gone by there were many more. Dozens of churches have been lost down the years to fire, the Blitz and town planning, St. Paul’s being chief among them. Most have risen from the ashes – resurgam – and many others have disappeared forever. A tiny handful, such as St Olave Hart Street, miraculously swerved disaster. The sad ruins of a couple – St Dunstan-in-the-East, Christ Church Greyfriars –  remind us of what we have lost.

Still, you may think that many is a good many for just a square mile (+/-). But, actually, they have a lot of ground to cover, and not just ecumenically. The City comprises 26 Wards and is also the home to over a hundred livery companies, most of them dating from medieval times. In addition there are dozens of military units attached to the Square Mile in some way. Virtually all of these institutions have a bond with one or more church. Then there is their relationship with City Hall itself. Throw this into the mix of actual ecumenical work and you will soon appreciate how busy and vibrant the City’s religious institutions are and have to be.

This new book by Niki Gorick covers all of this. She has been taking pictures in the City for many years with exhibitions at the Guildhall and elsewhere. This project is the culmination of over 200 individual shoots over several years. In the Preface she explains why the City’s religious institutions are so vibrant, an incongruous situation for many who only see the Square Mile’s ‘reputation as a financially obsessed powerhouse’. She writes, rather, of the ‘hidden and surprisingly vibrant world of worship, stretching out into many different faiths’. She explores in the pages that follow, the ‘multi-layered interaction between faith and commerce within its tight geographical confines’.

It would be easy and obvious to include church images which are purely architectural. There are none. This is because – first, foremost and throughout – this is a book about people, where architectural features – windows, columns, porches whatever –  play a supporting role. As you would expect, the ordained feature most strongly. At the head we have two bishops of London: the outgoing Richard Chartres; and his successor, London’s first woman Bishop, Sarah Mullally whose brilliant and natural smile shines from several of these pages. There are the ‘characters’, some of whom you might know:  Archdeacon Luke Miller, a regular on Twitter; Rev David Parrott of St Lawrence Jewry; Bertrand Olivier, formerly of All Hallows by the Tower; Rose Hudson-Wilkin and many more. Their enthusiasm and dedication for all to see.

Interfaith dialogue - The Rt. Rev. & Rt. Hon. Dame Sarah Mullaly

Bishop Sarah Mullally with Archbishop Angaelos, Coptic Orthodox Church.

And then, of course, their congregations. Some might be ordinary worshippers, others functionaries, musicians, bell ringers and so on. Still others are ordinary members of the public in the streets, bemused perhaps to see congregationalists of St Bride’s rolling eggs down Fleet Street at Easter; or a donkeys being welcomed at St Giles Cripplegate during Holy Week.

Faith in the City of London is divided into 10 Chapters which address various types of religious roles and activities. Broadly speaking, the early chapters deal with ecumenical matters, mainly pertaining to service and ceremony. There is a lot of emphasis on diversity of worship. Inevitably, most of the ‘action’ relates to the ministry of the predominant, established order: the Church of England. However, the author has given  much space to other Christian denominations – Roman Catholic, Romanian Orthodox, Welsh Presbyterians etc. – along with Jewish worshippers of Bevis Marks; and other non-Christian faiths which lack their own buildings but nonetheless are catered for, in particular Muslims and Sikhs.

500_The first fire of Easter at St Barts

The first fire of Easter at St Barts.

500-Muslim Friday prayers at Wax Chandlers

Muslim Friday prayers at Wax Chandlers’ Hall.

The second half of the book, roughly, looks at the history of faith in the City as well as the very rich topic of music. Quirky and ancient ceremonies such as Beating the Bounds and the Knollys Rose ceremony; the Great Fire and more recently, celebrating the Siege of Malta every August. Of course the City’s churches have a centuries old bell-ringing and choral tradition alongside organ music. In addition they are venues for a plethora of other music – military, classical, jazz, folk, rock, world – all of it (Top Tip: the City is a fabulous place for a free concert, especially at lunch time!).

The end of the book examines other functions of City churches, as venues for anything from corporate lunches to yoga. It also shows pictures of evangelical outreach activity: mixing with the community in businesses, shops, second hand book sales, and so on.

So all in all, a huge swathe of territory pictorially covered.

Faith in the City of London is atmospheric, joyous and optimistic. It is a celebration of a side to the Square Mile that many of us – including even people who work there every day of their lives – don’t always realise or see.

All images by Niki Gorrick. 

Faith in the City of London (160pp) by Niki Gorick is published by Unicorn Publishing with a cover price of £25.




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We all know that central London comprises three bits: the cities of Westminster and London, plus Southwark. The border with Southwark is self-evidently the Thames. But what about Westminster and the City? Well, it is where the Strand becomes Fleet Street, the spot in question known as Temple Bar. The name derives from the fact that it is immediately north of the Temple area, that is to say the district that contains the Inner and Middle Temples – both being Inns of Court – and the Temple Church, which dates from the 12th Century. Temple Bar is marked by this monument in the middle of the street, erected in 1880 and identifiably Victorian.

Temple Bar, Strand

Today's Temple Bar in the Strand, almost opposite the Law Courts

But this is a relatively modest item compared with what existed here before. The old Temple Bar was a decorative gated wall which straddled the whole road. Designed by Wren and erected in the 1670s, this impressive structure celebrated the Stuart dynasty.

Prior to this, the Temple Bar existed from at least the 13C, first as just a chain, and then from 1351 as a gate (surmounted by a small prison as was the custom) which served for three centuries and survived the Great Fire.

The job of Temple Bar was to regulate traffic between the two cities. Indeed, whenever the monarch wishes to enter the City, he or she has to be welcomed by the Lord Mayor of London. As an act of loyalty, he bestows the Sword of State to the sovereign who then returns it to be hoisted at the front of the procession.

The site of Temple Bar was also used as a pillory (both Titus Oates and Daniel Defoe being victims) and to display the severed heads of traitors.

Once the two elements of central London were as one, the traffic down the Strand/Fleet Street was such that the existing barrier became impractical. So Wren’s magnificent gate was removed. Luckily for us, one Sir Henry Meux fancied it as a folly on his farm in Hertfordshire. So there it remained forgotten, unloved and increasingly decrepit for almost a century. Then in the 1970s it was decided to bring it home, and in 1994, the old Temple Bar was eventually re-erected in Paternoster Square as part of the re-development of that space. And so there it is, once again witnessing thousands of Londoners going about their business every day.

temple bar paternoster square

Wren's Temple Bar now lives in Paternoster Square, appropriately near St Pauls

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